Craigslist Gems – And What Would You Like Help With?

I’m currently looking to find out more about what problems people commonly encounter with food. I wanted to share two local Craigslist posts with you that I came across in the process. Here’s the first one, it’s currently still live:

Craigslist_Trying to eat better 1 of 2

So this person is “interested in eating more healthy food” and willing to pay for both all of the ingredients to come from Whole Foods (“Whole Paycheck”) plus for someone to prepare them. Her/his idea of eating healthy is to eat precooked meals from tupperware containers made of a very limited set of ingredients for both lunch and dinner 6 days a week. I’m just glad I don’t have to be on this meal plan! It is definitely a minimalist approach that we have here, but we can do better in the “fresh”, “creative”, and “economic” departments.

This example shows how successful Whole Foods’ marketing is. In the perception of this person (and of many others), anything from Whole Foods is “healthy”. In fact, 2/3 of the products offered at Whole Foods are processed foods, and many of them are conventionally produced and can contain GMOs. The same rules apply to Whole Foods as to any other store: If it’s not labeled “organic”, it can (and most likely will) contain pesticides and GMOs. This applies to the fresh produce section as well. If you take a close look, not too much of the fresh produce at Whole Foods is actually organic. Fresh crops like papaya and corn can be GMO if not labeled “organic”. So if you buy a fresh papaya at Whole Foods, pay a prime price for it, and carry it out in a recycled bag all feeling like you got the best of the best fresh food and are really investing in your health, you may just have gotten yourself some genetically modified conventional food.

This Craigslist example also makes me wonder why this person is not looking to learn how to prepare food themselves, because all they plan on ever eating is a total of two dishes. Surely that should be possible to accomplish? Really curious about this one – will email and try to find out.

Lastly, it seems to me that this person is unnecessarily depriving themselves of the joys of eating delicious fresh food: of colors, textures, fragrances, variety… It’ll be the same green and brown precooked mass coming out of tupperware containers for them day in and day out. Again, I’m just glad it’s not me who’s going to eat this :-)

Now let’s look at the second example – this post is also currently still live:

Craigslist_Trying to eat better 2 of 2

So we have two start-up people here who “have been eating out every day” and are now “looking for something healthier”. Again, looking into making quick healthy delicious meals seems not an option; it’s either eating out or paying someone to make them at the workplace. $400/week – we’re looking at ~ $20.000/year here, and that’s presumably not including the actual food/ingredients – this must be a really profitable start-up? Or have things gotten so crazy in the start-up world that the new “ramen profitability” is hiring someone to prepare the ramen? By the way this also makes me wonder if cooking skills actually improve a start-up’s likelihood to succeed, and are thus a skill investors should be looking at – Paul Graham said that the cost of starting a company is mostly the cost of food and rent these days, so all other factors equal the start-ups that come with skills how to make their own food should have an advantage over those who don’t.

In any case, let’s now look at what our start-up people consider “something healthier”. They mention that this  would be “something high in protein” and “increasing our vegetable intake”. Interestingly, high protein intake is often considered synonymous with eating healthy. In fact people in the U.S. eat on average already twice as much protein as they need. So there’s a chance that these two start-up folks would be eating healthier if they’d actually lower their protein intake. (Also, just as a note, protein is often associated with meat consumption while there are really many great plant-based protein sources as well. See for example this article for one summary.) Lastly, “increasing our vegetable intake” – with that they can’t indeed go wrong – as long as they’re choosing organic vegetables that is. If they’re eating GMO- and pesticide-containing vegetables instead of whatever they had before, then their diet may not end up improving in healthiness.

Generally it is noticeable how vague their ideas of “something healthier” are.

Now, my dear readers, it’s your turn! What are some ideas you have for things that could be done or that I could offer that would actually help people eat better? Last week I taught a class that was very well-received – it was a 3-course dinner where guests also learned how to make the dishes – all easy and delicious – in the process. I’d love to teach more or offer one-on-one help, and I’ve set up a Services page: How Can I Help You? Any ideas or feedback are much appreciated.


A Breakfast That Works For Me

Here is a breakfast that I’ve come up with over time that’s flexible, quick, healthy, and works really well for me. It uses:

  • Oats
  • Raisins (or other sweet dried fruit / sweetener)
  • Nuts / Seeds
  • Fruit / Berries
  • Milk

Photo: Alex Jacobson

I use Organic Quick Rolled Oats, so there’s no cooking required, just add hot (or warm) water; the minute or so you’ll need to prepare this breakfast is enough time for them to soak. This also means there’s no extra dish required to cook or soak them in. I just place them in a breakfast bowl and add hot water:


Photo: Alex Jacobson



Photo: Alex Jacobson



Photo: Alex Jacobson

Next, add something sweet: I use raisins – delicious, and they naturally come in a ready-to-eat form, no chopping needed. Other great choices are for example chopped dried dates or chopped dried apricots.


Photo: Alex Jacobson

Next, add nuts or seeds. Here I used sunflower seeds – other great choices include walnuts, pumpkin seeds, flax seeds, shredded coconut.


Photo: Alex Jacobson

Next, add two different kinds of fresh fruit / berries. It will already taste fine with just one kind; my experience is though that in order to not get tired of this breakfast over time you’ll want to make sure you have two different kinds.

Below is one example: Strawberry-Melon. Other great fruit / berry choices include for example: Apples, peaches, oranges, raspberries, blueberries, blackberries, nectarines, pears, pineapple, mango, banana, grapes.


Photo: Alex Jacobson


Photo: Alex Jacobson


Photo: Alex Jacobson


Photo: Alex Jacobson

Lastly, add milk, and enjoy!


Photo: Alex Jacobson

Some more information regarding this breakfast:

- Using water instead of milk for soaking the oats saves some calories and affects the overall taste minimally (if at all).

- While Quick Rolled Oats are slightly more processed than Rolled Oats, they are still  minimally processed compared to other breakfast cereals and compared to instant oats. Generally oats have many health benefits, are rich in fiber and protein, and are naturally gluten-free.

- What about granola? With added sugar, salt, fat, and heat, granola tastes good in a way a candy bar tastes good, so it’s not as ideal a breakfast food. (Just to mention, rolled oats aren’t aren’t raw foods either, as they’re steamed in the rolling process.)

- As always, make sure you get all ingredients organic. There is, however, an exception that I currently make: I use this raw almond milk which is not certified organic. It is raw, local, and uses absolutely no other ingredients than almonds and water. I used to use a common brand of soy milk until I got really tired of it at some point. Wondering why this was happening, I read the ingredients list (should have done this earlier), and there were all kinds of things in it – added flavors, sweetener, and other ingredients. It was essentially a processed food. So currently I’m using this delicious pure raw almond milk:


Photo: Alex Jacobson

Also keep in mind to use local ingredients where possible. Here is one example, Apricot-Strawberry, where I used apricots from the backyard:


Photo: Alex Jacobson


Photo: Alex Jacobson


Photo: Alex Jacobson


Photo: Alex Jacobson


Photo: Alex Jacobson


Photo: Alex Jacobson

- Lastly, for quick preparation it helps to keep the dry ingredients at hand. I have them in containers directly on the kitchen counter, so putting one of these breakfasts together is super quick:


Photo: Alex Jacobson

I make sure I use up one kind of nuts before I get a different one so the ingredients will never sit in the containers for too long.

Hope you like it!! Please share your ideas and experiences in the comments below.

I thank Alex Jacobson for the photography:


Will You Walk, Or Will You Walk Down The Right Aisle?

These thoughts were prompted by the massive marketing for Avon Walk ( At the BART station, large posters of hugging people in pink t-shirts; on BART, more ads, and while driving, a woman’s soft and ever-so-slightly menacing voice creeps me out asking me from the radio: “Will you walk, or will you walk away?” At my local coffee shop, a dispenser with glossy pink advertising materials is waiting for me.

The scale of these marketing efforts alone makes me wonder who would think that donations to this charity would NOT, to a large part, go to, well, things like these marketing efforts. Then there is the walk itself – a genius marketing move. What on earth makes people think walking around somewhere will help cure cancer? I know, it is understood that it will not have a direct impact. But why not choose to do something instead that actually has a direct impact?

Then there is the language, which makes me all but suspicious about the secondary impact (via the money raised) as well. Let’s take a look at the wording. “You can be her hero!” “The more of us who walk, the more of us survive.” “Will you walk, or will you walk away?” “There is a woman out there who needs you and you have the power to help!” And lastly, the most striking to me: The whole thing is called “Avon Walk for Breast Cancer”. Seriously, shouldn’t it be the “Avon Walk against Breast Cancer”?

Without needing to look further ((I still did)) I could tell this organization does not have a genuine desire to resolve breast cancer. It’s not their primary motivation. The marketing preys on people being starved of big feelings; it offers “heroism” for sale. Here’s the bad news: Getting your credit card out and paying for being cheered on in a pink t-shirt will neither make you a hero nor does it do much in order to cure breast cancer.

Here is, however, the good news. You can totally be a hero. And it is for free. You can effectively contribute to less cancer. It will look very inconspicuous – your heroism may go largely unnoticed by others. That’s how things are with real heroes. It’s done simply by reducing or eliminating potentially cancer-causing factors from your life – chemicals, radiation, smoking etc come to mind. But most importantly, what you can do and what will have a huge impact is:

Eat the right food.

Pesticides are known to cause cancer. And the food you eat is what your body consists of. Therefore choosing organic (= pesticide-free) foods effectively reduces cancer, and not only the chances for it to manifest in your own body, but also in those of the people who grow your food or drink the water near where your food is grown.

From this website (emphasis by me): “Many pesticides approved for use by the EPA were registered before extensive research linking these chemicals to cancer and other diseases had been established. Now the EPA considers that 60 percent of all herbicides, 90 percent of all fungicides and 30 percent of all insecticides are carcinogenic. A 1987 National Academy of Sciences report estimated that pesticides might cause an extra 1.4 million cancer cases among Americans over their lifetimes. The bottom line is that pesticides are poisons designed to kill living organisms, and can also be harmful to humans. In addition to cancer, pesticides are implicated in birth defects, nerve damage and genetic mutation.”

That’s right, 1.4 million estimated additional cancer cases could be avoided – by walking down the right aisle in the grocery store that is. I throw in a hug if I see you there. No pink t-shirt needed – I know my heroes when I see them (from what’s in their shopping carts).






New “About the Author” Page Text – Check It Out

When I say I write a blog about food, people often ask: “Are you a nutritionist?”

I’m not. I’m simply a person who eats food, like anyone else who is currently living or has ever lived on earth. I believe it shouldn’t be complicated to eat food, and I really wish it weren’t. Yet with food becoming more industrialized, this is increasingly the situation we find ourselves in. I am looking to help anyone interested by sharing the knowledge I’ve collected over the years and by breaking it down into the simplest possible rules for buying, preparing, and eating food.

So this blog is a road map from someone who eats food every day in an industrialized environment for others who find themselves in the same situation. It also helps myself reflect on my food choices and to always keep learning.

For now I will work with the skills and resources I already have. These are mostly my brain, a laptop, and a genuine desire to turn around the food system. Once I have exhausted these, or once I reach the point where I can serve this cause better by disappearing for a few years to some school again, I will do it. However, I actually have my doubts that one more degree (I already have a M.A.), or any number of degrees for that matter, would do it. Many of the issues with current food production, distribution, and consumption run very deep. There are psychological, sociological, economic, and scientific aspects to it. For example I think it is a problem that 40% of all food is being thrown away in the U.S., yet 1 in 5 children are starving. Another problem is that people are eating food every day that makes them sick. And people have all kinds of degrees out there, so if those would in and by themselves help solve these problems then I guess they wouldn’t be around. What makes more sense to me is putting to use whatever resources I (and all of you) have at this time to work directly towards solutions. Like Rumi said: “This moment is all there is.” I can write right now, so write I will, and if this blog only helps one person it’ll have been worth it.

The Minimalist Cooking Web App: Check It Out!

There is a Minimalist Cooking web app with the ideas and contents from this blog!

Check it out (it’s still work in progress):

Like the blog, the idea is for it to help with making quick, delicious, healthy meals with the ingredients already present. So again, no recipes, no shopping for specific meals, and no going bad/throwing away of random leftover foods because of cluelessness what to do with them.

If you can’t get results (it has only ~150 basic ingredients in it so far) try for example plugging this in:

oil, salt, pepper, vinegar, yeast, flour, tomato, eggplant, milk, egg, chicken, garlic, lettuce, rice, soy sauce

I didn’t publicize the program at the time, however now I have re-emerged and am really excited to continue work on this project. How exactly this will happen I do not know so far – finding funding, finding a technical co-conspirator, learning how to code. So for now I am just showing to you all for the first time what I have so far, again here it is:

The code is here for anyone interested:

I thank Omar Shorbaji for the initial idea of turning the contents of this blog into a software, for the collaboration on it, and for coding the web app.

A Look At Some Of The Food Industry 1 %

Let’s look at some of the giants in the food industry. Some names like Nestlé may be more familiar to you than, for example, Cargill, recently portrayed by Forbes Magazine as “the quiet giant that rules the food business“.

From the company’s website:

“Cargill is an international producer and marketer of food, agricultural, financial and industrial products and services. [...] In fiscal year 2011, Cargill had $119.5 billion in sales and other revenues.”

This makes Cargill, in terms of revenue, the largest privately held company in the world. As of 2011, if it were a public company, it would rank on the Forbes 500 behind AT&T and ahead of JP Morgan Chase.  By being a privately held company it has to disclose less information, and it doesn’t have to report to shareholders. Hopefully this gives you an impression how powerful this company is.

The Wikipedia page lists under “Criticism”: Human rights abuse (of children on cocoa plantations), several cases of food contamination (the last in August 2011, when “36 million pounds of ground turkey produced at Cargill’s Springdale, Arkansas plant were recalled due to salmonella fears”), and environmental issues (deforestation).

ConAgra Foods, with the slogan “Food you love”, is an American packaged foods company. According to their website they are “Giving you more reasons to feel good about the food you love. [...] Good for You. Good for the Community. Good for the Planet.”

In the Wikipedia entry about ConAgra we read about environmental issues, labor issues, health violations (among them a recall of 19 million pounds of ground beef in 2002), illegal activity (water was sprayed on stored grain to increase weight and value, and Federal inspectors bribed), demolition of a historic site in Downtown Omaha, Nebraska, and lobbying against an Oregon measure that would have required foods containing genetically modified organisms to be labeled.

All of these three companies are using genetically modified organisms, and don’t even get me started on companies like Monsanto.

(By the way, do you know what the Nestlé slogan is? It’s “Good Food, Good Life”. Nestlé describes itself as “the world’s leading Nutrition, Health and Wellness company”. I think the slogan is very clever; note that it doesn’t say it’s you who should get the good food and good life! :-) I have a feeling when you get Nestlé products it buys someone else some good food and good life.)

So what to make of all this? I just wanted to give you some examples and the idea that when protesting large banks it may be worthwhile to consider equally large, powerful, and profit-oriented food companies as well.

But isn’t it too much what we’re up against? In “Quantum of Solace”, James Bond wins (barely but surely) against the unscrupulous minds that set out to privatize water supplies. As Michael Clayton, George Clooney ensures (barely but surely) in the movie of the same name that a weed killer, known to be carcinogenic, is not being produced. What if we aren’t James Bond or Michael Clayton? Well here’s some good news: I think we actually are. Each and any of us has just as much power as the largest corporation, this is simply because they need customers. They can do many things, but the one thing they can’t do is exist without customers. No matter how large, any corporation will collapse without customers.

An end note – this just came in while I was writing this blog. All of the eggs used in McDonald’s restaurants in the US passed through Cargill’s plants. McDonald’s announced to end the relationship with Sparboe Farms, who are producing “2 million eggs a day, seven days a week”,  due to a leaked tape of animal mistreatment. From the article:

McDonald’s and Target’s moves also followed a warning letter to Sparboe Farms dated Wednesday from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration that said inspectors found “serious violations” at five Sparboe facilities of federal regulations meant to prevent salmonella. The warning said eggs from those facilities “have been prepared, packed, or held under insanitary conditions whereby they may have become contaminated with filth, or whereby they may have been rendered injurious to health.”

“[...] whereby they may have become contaminated with filth [...]” Gotta love the language :-)

Networking And Tofu

Thought I’d share a short summary that I had put together for someone I met at a networking event in San Francisco last week. At the occasion, a few notes on the event itself as well :-) It was truly inspiring to see what cool projects are in the works with some of the attendants (mostly women web entrepreneurs).

Check out, for example, Boutiika – “A New Way to Shop the City”:  The site lets you locate independently owned businesses, designers, locally manufactured products, etc. For fashion and for food the same thing applies – better buy local! :-)

Here is another interesting company: lets you scan the barcode of a food item with your mobile to get instant information on its ingredients (and more). One example the lady from ipiit told me about (needless to say we had lots to talk about :-) ) was that what some products that have “fiber” listed on the package actually contain is cellulose! So you’re eating this food, and thinking you’re getting fiber, because on the package it says “high in fiber”, but what you’re actually eating is paper! So basically the team of ipiit is on a mission to enable customers to educate themselves about ingredients of processed foods. The Minimalist Cook’s approach is more radical, as it advises to stay away from processed foods altogether (because it’s, well, mostly bad news that come up for processed foods when you look into them). But of course this may not be for everyone, and for those sticking with processed foods for now the site offers a lot of valuable information.

It was very interesting to be able get feedback both on how people usually eat, and on the minimalist approach to it. It ranged from “Aha.. ” to “Oooh, I need that!!” to someone being a passionate cook, someone working for a start-up that has its own chef, someone exclusively eating out plus ordering from Safeway, and others.  By the way here are two great web pages the passionate cook (from a start-up called Pitchklub) referred me to: forageSF, and foodia.

Lastly, here is my email about tofu!

“It was great to meet you at Women 2.0. As promised, here is some information about tofu for you!
You probably know already that tofu is very healthy – it is a complete source of protein and has no cholesterol or saturated fat but plenty of vitamins and fiber and offers amazing health benefits.
I recommend you buy organic tofu (for example from Trader Joe’s), because soy beans are one of the four crops that are regularly genetically modified (along with corn, rapeseed, and sugar beets). If labeled “organic”, you can be sure your tofu is made from non-GMO soy beans.
I really love this marinade for tofu and use it regularly:
You can also make your own marinade from vinegar, sugar, pepper, and salt.
Marinated tofu tastes great on sandwiches, in salads, in stir-fry, or even as a snack.
Enjoy! :-)”

The Latte Question

Even though probably somewhat off topic, one of the objectives of this blog is saving money after all, so here we go. Enjoy! :-)

‘Cutting Out The Latte’ has become synonymous with a certain type of saving advice. The phrase has made it into banking ads, and “The Latte Factor®” (yes, it’s trademarked) has sparked countless articles, ranging from calculations on which considerable amounts of money daily coffees can add up to, to articles advising to worry about bigger expenses rather than about small ones such as for drinks.

Obviously one can easily argue either way. The Latte Question somewhat culminates in this interesting article by Katherine Rosman for The Wall Street Journal, in which she reflects on the situation of her and her husband belonging to opposite sides of the Latte fraction. You can get a sense from her writing that there’s a lot more to this question than a dose of caffeine in a disposable cup.

But what exactly is it? The reasons are obviously deeply psychological, otherwise coffee shops would have a harder time selling products with several 100% price mark-ups than they have.

Research suggests that merely holding a cup with a warm beverage in your hands makes you already feel better. Then, there’s the looks of that shiny white disposable cup. I understood this one autumn afternoon on Fillmore St. in San Francisco. Was it just me radiating more happiness thanks to that warm drink in my hand? Or more of those research results (which suggest that someone holding a warm beverage is also feeling ‘warmer’ towards others, and is thus likely more easily approachable); the hint of luxury of an overpriced indulgence; the appeal of a ritual; the projected comfort of the beverage? Whatever it was, as a matter of fact I noticed I got checked out more when I continued on my way with that paper cup in hands! Add caffeine into the mix, which is addictive after all, and you likely get an idea what you’re up against trying to ‘cut out lattes’.

So now what to do with this information? Yes, you can have a coffee at home before you head out. No, it won’t be the same (but yes, it doesn’t mean you couldn’t create a different ritual at home that would make you feel as good.) Yes, there’s reusable cups on the market that look like paper cups. Yes, you could make your own drink and take it along. Yes, you could even get paper cups for this if you like. Yes, instead of thinking you’re sexy your neighbor may think you’re an alcoholic if you regularly emerge from your home with a paper cup in hand. Yes, you’d already feel happier if you’d just fill warm laundry water into a cup and hold it in your hand.

You get the idea – as long as Starbucks, Peet’s etc. offer a one-stop solution for all of this, and make you happier, sexier, more approachable, more attractive, give you a sense of warmth and comfort, plus satisfy your addiction, all for $ 4, this may very well be a steal! If you really want to cut out these expenses, figure out which aspects of the bundle are most important to you, and then consciously create replacements for them. There are equal or better replacements for every aspect – after all we don’t critically depend on Starbucks – but you may very well be surprised what it is.

My point – and I assume it’s also the author’s point in the aforementioned article – is that by simply ‘cutting out lattes’ there’s a chance you may save the money, but feel unhappier to an extent that’s not worth it. In economic terms, there’s a chance that the marginal utility of a gourmet cappuccino is indeed greater than the marginal cost. And there’s even a chance that it may be a LOT greater.

For anyone longing to understand this better I suggest a trip to Vienna, with its famous, centuries-old tradition of sophisticated coffee houses. Viennese culture (literature, music) is characterized by a specific sense of depression and humor at the same time. It sometimes seems as if Viennese live to have coffee and elaborate sweets in beautiful coffee houses, which provide a great sense of comfort – or at least the best illusion of it that’s possible.

Mr. Rosman, how about taking your wife on a field trip to Vienna in order to unearth the ultimate answer to The Latte Question? Who knows – she may even be willing to cut back on a few Cappuccinos for that! :-)


What To Eat Exactly… It Gets Slightly Complicated

We have seen that fresh, organic, local, unprocessed foods are always your best bet. We have also learned that eating mostly vegetables and fruits along with lean protein is best, which will take care of cutting back on gluten-containing grains in the process (or, possibly, eliminating gluten from your diet altogether).

We’re now entering the part where there are no such definitive answers anymore, and where personal preferences and different views come into play. I’ll try to give you a very basic breakdown, and if you’re not entirely sure anymore what to eat after reading it, simply remember to just stick with fresh, organic, local, unprocessed foods and with cutting down on grains in favor of vegetables/fruits and lean protein. You can’t go wrong with this.

Now let’s take a look at the following diets:

  • Paleo Diet
  • The Zone
  • Vegetarian / Vegan
  • Raw
  • Chinese Yin/Yang

- Here’s a nice summary of the Paleo Diet:

So basically, according to advocates of the Paleo Diet, the best way to eat for us is as our ancestors ate up until the Agricultural Revolution 10.000 years ago. (By the way, in addition this video emphasizes that we should in the first place make sure we eat like before the Industrial Revolution a mere hundred years ago, which is a “no-brainer” and what I’m trying to hammer home in this blog.)

The Paleo Diet consists mainly of meats, seafood, eggs, vegetables, fruits, berries, nuts, and seeds. It cuts out grains, dairy, legumes, starchy vegetables (like potatoes, yams, and sweet potatoes), refined sugars, honey, salt, and processed oils.

(To get a better idea you may also find this summary interesting of how to transfer a primal lifestyle to our millennium.)

- The Zone diet is about balancing carbs, protein, and fat in every meal, and eating zone-balanced snacks regularly to keep hormone and blood-sugar levels “within the zone” (that is, from spiking/dropping). See a summary of the Zone diet for example here.

- You may be starting to wonder already: How do vegetarian or vegan diets play with this? Can the Zone and the Paleo Diet be consolidated? How about vegetarian/vegan diets and the Zone/Paleo diets?

By eating meals that are balanced according to the Zone and that consist of foods recommended for a Paleo diet, is is not hard to consolidate these two. It is also easily possible to eat vegetarian/vegan on the Zone. Tofu is a complete source of protein and, according to the diet’s creator, a superfood. Interestingly, it seems even possible to consolidate a Paleo diet – which usually relies heavily on animal protein – with a vegetarian or vegan diet: Lindsay S. Nixon from Happy Herbivore points out that “most raw foodists and fruitarians are inadvertently following a ‘Paleo’ diet.” (Just to mention, tofu is technically off limits on the Paleo diet, because it is made from soy beans, which are legumes.)

It should, however, be noted that there’s a great deal of obscurity regarding the Paleo diet. We simply don’t know in each and every detail which exact foods were available 10.000 years ago. Some advocates of the Paleo diet also argue that bodies can adapt to foods that have been consumed in certain cultures for a long time. This would mean bread could be fine for Germans to consume and pasta for Italians; that Indians can have lentils, and that the bodies of East Asians can handle rice, while people of Native American heritage, for example, should stick to a stricter form of the Paleo diet. Also some legumes grow wild and our ancestors may have eaten them. And if I was a caveman you bet I’d eaten honey if I’d come across it! So let’s just say there’s some room for interpretation.

- The same applies to eating raw. There are raw vegans, while other raw foodists consume, for example, raw fish, dairy, or meat as well. Some eat exclusively raw, with “raw” being defined as “not heated over 40 °C (104 °F)”, while I also found examples of people defining “raw” for themselves as eating those foods raw that one can eat raw, and cook those that one can’t (for example rice, beans, lentils).

- I’d also like to mention “hot” and “cold” foods according to Chinese traditional medicine. Specific foods will heat or cool your body when they are being digested, independently of the temperature at which they are consumed. In addition, the way foods are prepared can affect their heating or cooling effect. For example you may have noticed a dish with a lot of chili will make you feel hot, or a hot cocoa milk with cinnamon will warm you, while foods like peppermint or leafy greens cool your body from within. There are several lists online, however they are not free from contradictions so I’m not linking to a specific list here. One point I’d like to make regarding this is that for example meat and eggs are “warm” foods, while, on a scale “cold – cool – neutral – warm – hot”, Tofu is unanimously listed as “cold”, and raw foods tend to be ‘cooler’ than cooked foods. So you may want to take care to eat enough “warm” foods when you’re following a vegetarian or vegan and/or raw diet. For example root vegetables and onions are “warm”, and chili, ginger and garlic are “hot”.

Now what to do with this information? You get the idea – advocates of the Paleo diet think grains are poison, vegans think animal products are poison, raw foodists think cooked foods are poison. Ultimately these ways of eating are lifestyles. For example someone propagating a caveman’s diet and lifestyle may think skeptically of civilization, while for example vegetarians/vegans may instead believe it came with a learning process that can be seen as an achievement, and that we’ve learned or are learning to strive for peace rather than being warriors and should choose our diet accordingly.

But you don’t have to choose if you don’t like to. Simply focus on (mostly) not eating any conventional or processed foods and lots of fruits and vegetables. If you want to take things to the next level you’ll find out what works best for you with some curiosity and experimentation. For example for these boxers, what turned out to work best were vegetarian/vegan diets. David Wolfe, a raw vegan foodist, says in this video that his ideal diet is “a liquid diet with an occasional salad of wild herbs”… As astonishing as this sounds: Take a look how incredibly radiant he looks. Who knows, maybe you’ll grow to be the next person to promote such a diet? :-)